The general operating principle of the Enercat utilizes physics to drive chemistry. In the case of asphaltenes, The Enercat stabilizes asphaltene molecular dispersions in the bulk crude oil fluid thereby minimizing or preventing asphaltene flocculation and deposition.
The science behind the Enercat tools prevention of asphaltene flocculation and deposition is the transmission of acoustic waves via lattice oscillations (vibrations) of the tools solid alloy composite material, which is enhanced by reservoir heat and pressure. The normal-mode oscillations and transmitted waves of tool are ‘tuned’ to be in resonance with the low-frequency molecular oscillations of crude oil bulk fluids.
This increases the amplitude of the oscillations of the bulk crude oil fluid at preferred frequencies providing the energy necessary to increase the stability of asphaltene molecular dispersions enough to withstand the uphole decreases in temperature and pressure. Installation of the Enercat tool downhole, below levels of asphaltene flocculation and deposition, yields oil samples that are higher in asphaltene than pre-Enercat oil samples, due to a decrease in asphaltene deposition in the well.